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Английский язык экзаменационная работа №1 билет №2

Дата закачки: 20 Сентября 2011

Автор: lattic
Закачал: Lattic
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Тип работы: Работа Экзаменационная
Форматы файлов: Microsoft Works
Сдано в учебном заведении: СибГУТИ

Билет №2

Задание I. Переведите следующие предложения на русский язык. Обратите внимание на времена английского глагола, неличные формы глагола (причастие I, II, инфинитив).

1. By the 1930s the birth rate in Britain had fallen to less than one half the rate experienced during the nineteenth century.
2. An increase in price usually means that production will become more profitable.
3. At present we are recruiting a new sales director.
4. The quantity of labour derived to a given stock of population depends upon several factors.
5. Put simply, a business process is the set of activities performed to serve a customer.
6. Taxes placed on goods and services are known as indirect taxes as opposed to direct taxes which are placed on income and wealth.

Задание II. Переведите текст.

Mixed Economies
We have seen that there is some use of the market mechanism in planned economies. Likewise there is some measure of state control in free market economies. Here the term mixed economy is used; it describes most of the economies in the noncommunist world. These countries are basically market economies, but all contain elements of state enterprise and government in all of them intervene to modify the operation of market forces. They are mixtures of command and market economies.
In these mixed economies private property is an important institution. Supporters of the mixed system hold the view that private property provides an important incentive for people to work, save and invest. They oppose the abolition of private property and argue that it is possible to present great inequalities of wealth to arising by the appropriate government measures (e.g. heavy taxation of income and wealth).
The mixed economy has come into being as a result of increasing government intervention and control in capitalist countries. This development has been particularly extensive during the 20th century. There are many reasons for this increasing ability of government.

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